Viruses are not made out of cells, they can't keep themselves in a stable state, they don't grow, and they can't make their own energy. Even though they definitely replicate and adapt to their environment, viruses are more like androids than real living organisms.
Hereof, why are viruses considered nonliving answers?
Viruses are considered non-living because they only exhibit characteristics of living organisms when they are occupying a host organism. A virus consists of a single strand of DNA or RNA enclosed in a protein capsule. When not in a host cell they are dormant and have no biological activity.
Likewise, what characteristics of a living thing does a virus have?
Viruses do, however, show some characteristics of living things. They are made of proteins and glycoproteins like cells are. They contain genetic information needed to produce more viruses in the form of DNA or RNA. They evolve to adapt to their hosts.
Do viruses use energy?
Metabolism means the ability to collect and use energy. Viruses are too small and simple to collect or use their own energy – they just steal it from the cells they infect. Viruses only need energy when they make copies of themselves, and they don't need any energy at all when they are outside of a cell.
Are viruses living thing?
Viruses are not living things. Viruses are complicated assemblies of molecules, including proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and carbohydrates, but on their own they can do nothing until they enter a living cell. Without cells, viruses would not be able to multiply. Therefore, viruses are not living things.