Science

Why is endosulfan banned?

By: Martin RoaUpdated: January 27, 2021

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Because of its threats to human health and the environment, a global ban on the manufacture and use of endosulfan was negotiated under the Stockholm Convention in April 2011. The ban has taken effect in mid-2012, with certain uses exempted for five additional years.

In this way, what is endosulfan used for?

Endosulfan is a chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide of the cyclodiene subgroup which acts as a contact poison in a wide variety of insects and mites. It can also be used as a wood preservative. It is used primarily on food crops like tea, fruits, vegetables and on grains.

Similarly, is endosulfan still used?

Declaring that endosulfan is unsafe, the Environmental Protection Agency announced Wednesday that it is about to ban one of the last organochlorine pesticides still used in the United States. Endosulfan is a chlorinated insecticide that is chemically similar to DDT, which was banned nearly 40 years ago.

How does endosulfan effects human beings?

Endosulfan is readily absorbed by humans via the stomach, lungs and through the skin. It can cause acute and chronic toxicity. Laboratory assays suggested more susceptibility of female than males to the lethal effects of endosulfan. Laboratory studies have also shown that there are potential carcinogenic effects.

Is endosulfan dangerous?

Doses as low as 35 mg/kg have been documented to cause death in humans, and many cases of sublethal poisoning have resulted in permanent brain damage. Farm workers with chronic endosulfan exposure are at risk of rashes and skin irritation.

Related

Is Endosulfan a pesticide?

What is endosulfan. It is a widely-banned pesticide with hazardous effects on human genetic and endocrine systems.

Is endosulfan banned in the US?

Endosulfan to Be Banned, Pesticide Poses "Unacceptable Risks," EPA Says. Declaring that endosulfan is unsafe, the Environmental Protection Agency announced Wednesday that it is about to ban one of the last organochlorine pesticides still used in the United States.

What is endosulfan tragedy?

The tragedy of people exposed to pesticide Endosulfan in Kasaragod district of Kerala is continuing. The Corporation began aerial spraying of the pesticide in its plantations spread across 15 panchayats in the district in 1978 and its application continued till 2001.

Is DDT still used in India?

In 2009, 3,314 tonnes were produced for malaria control and visceral leishmaniasis. India is the only country still manufacturing DDT, and is the largest consumer.

Who makes endosulfan?

Some 18,000 to 20,000 tons of endosulfan are produced each year, according to the United Nations. India makes about 10,000 tons; China manufacturers some 5,000 tons; and Israel, Brazil, and South Korea produce the rest.

Who discovered endosulfan?

Endosulfan was developed in the early 1950s and registered by Hoechst in 1954 in USA.

What is endosulfan issue in Kerala?

People living in more than 20 gram panchayats in Kasargod district were exposed to the insecticide endosulfan – a highly potent neurotoxin – between 1975 and 2000, when the public sector Plantation Corporation of Kerala sprayed the chemical aerially on its 12,000-acre cashew estates.

What is dimethoate used for?

Dimethoate is a widely used organophosphate insecticide and acaricide. It was patented and introduced in the 1950s by American Cyanamid. Like other organophosphates, dimethoate is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor which disables cholinesterase, an enzyme essential for central nervous system function.

Is monocrotophos banned?

Monocrotophos is an organophosphate insecticide. It is acutely toxic to birds and humans, so it has been banned in the U.S., the E.U. and many other countries, however it is still available in India.

Why are organochlorine pesticides banned?

Organochlorine pesticides, such as dichlorodiphenyltrichlorethane (DDT), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), dieldrin, and α- and β-hexachlorocyclohexane (α- and β-HCH), were removed from the market several years ago because of their long persistence in nature with resulting accumulation in the human food chain, including high

Can chlorpyrifos kill humans?

Chlorpyrifos (CPS) is an organophosphate pesticide used on crops, animals, and buildings, and in other settings, to kill a number of pests, including insects and worms. Chlorpyrifos is considered moderately hazardous to humans by the World Health Organization based on its acute toxicity.