Because of its threats to human health and the environment, a global ban on the manufacture and use of endosulfan was negotiated under the Stockholm Convention in April 2011. The ban has taken effect in mid-2012, with certain uses exempted for five additional years.
In this way, what is endosulfan used for?
Endosulfan is a chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide of the cyclodiene subgroup which acts as a contact poison in a wide variety of insects and mites. It can also be used as a wood preservative. It is used primarily on food crops like tea, fruits, vegetables and on grains.
Similarly, is endosulfan still used?
Declaring that endosulfan is unsafe, the Environmental Protection Agency announced Wednesday that it is about to ban one of the last organochlorine pesticides still used in the United States. Endosulfan is a chlorinated insecticide that is chemically similar to DDT, which was banned nearly 40 years ago.
How does endosulfan effects human beings?
Endosulfan is readily absorbed by humans via the stomach, lungs and through the skin. It can cause acute and chronic toxicity. Laboratory assays suggested more susceptibility of female than males to the lethal effects of endosulfan. Laboratory studies have also shown that there are potential carcinogenic effects.
Is endosulfan dangerous?
Doses as low as 35 mg/kg have been documented to cause death in humans, and many cases of sublethal poisoning have resulted in permanent brain damage. Farm workers with chronic endosulfan exposure are at risk of rashes and skin irritation.