Technology & Computing

Where is the Lindow Man now?

By: Sarah McintoshUpdated: April 26, 2021

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the British Museum

Keeping this in view, what was Lindow Man's last meal?

Examinations of Lindow Man showed he was in his 20s, of average height, well-built and in good health. Closer inspections have shown he suffered from intestinal parasites and his last meal was unleavened bread. Radiocarbon dating has put his death, which was extremely violent, as being sometime in the 1st Century AD.

Additionally, how did the peat bog man die?

It is likely that the body had shrunk in the bog. On the initial autopsy report in 1950, doctors concluded that Tollund Man died by hanging rather than strangulation. The rope left visible furrows in the skin beneath his chin and at the sides of his neck.

How old is the Lindow Man?

about 2,000 years old

Why was Lindow Man killed?

There has been debate over the reason for Lindow Man's death, because the nature of his demise was violent and perhaps ritualistic. After a last meal of charred bread, Lindow Man was strangled, hit on the head, and his throat cut.

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What did Lindow Man look like?

Appearance: A leathery skin with a yellowish hue and wrinkles clearly visible. His head, distorted over time, gives his face a slumped appearance with an anguished expression. Unusually for a bog body, Lindow Man sported a beard and moustache trimmed with shears.

How was Lindow Man's body found?

His torso, head, arms were discovered in 1984 in a peat bog on Lindow Moss – though his body below the waist is still missing apart from his right leg. The grim discovery was made by a commercial peat-cutter called Andy Mould who was extracting peat from the Moss for use in gardens.

What are bogs?

A bog is a freshwater wetland of soft, spongy ground consisting mainly of partially decayed plant matter called peat. Bogs are generally found in cool, northern climates. They often develop in poorly draining lake basins created by glaciers during the most recent ice age.

Who killed Tollund Man?

We know how Tollund Man died. He died by hanging one winter's day or early spring. Shortly after the hanging he was cut down. Somebody closed his eyes and mouth and placed him in a sleeping position in an old bog.

Why are bog bodies so well preserved?

Much of the bodies' skin, hair, clothes, and stomach contents have been remarkably well preserved, thanks to the acidic, oxygen-poor conditions of peat bogs, which are made up of accumulated layers of dead moss.

Was the Tollund Man Murdered?

The fact that there were remains to unearth at all suggested that, despite the noose, this man was not technically murdered or hanged as a criminal. If he had been, he would have been cremated. Rather, he was probably ritually hanged as a spiritual sacrifice. Some parts of the man's body did not fare as well as others.

When was the Clonycavan man alive?

A hill that could possibly have been used for kingship ceremonies was near the bog where Clonycavan Man was found, leading to further speculation about the body. Radiocarbon dating has placed his death to between 392 BC and 201 BC, during the Iron Age of western Europe, making his remains around 2,300 years old.

How old are the bog bodies?

Experts say that the remains of Cashel Man are extremely well preserved for his age. Radiocarbon dating suggests that he is the earliest bog body with intact skin known anywhere in the world. He is from the early Bronze Age in Ireland about 4,000 years ago.

How many bog bodies are there?

In 1965, the German scientist Alfred Dieck catalogued more than 1,850 bog bodies, but later scholarship revealed much of Dieck's work was erroneous. Hundreds of bog bodies have been recovered and studied, although it is believed that only around 45 bog bodies remain intact today.

When were bogs found?

Over 500 Iron Age bog bodies and skeletons dating to between 800 B.C. and A.D. 200 have been discovered in Denmark alone, with more unearthed in Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Ireland.

What is Peat made from?

Peat forms when plant material does not fully decay in acidic and anaerobic conditions. It is composed mainly of wetland vegetation: principally bog plants including mosses, sedges, and shrubs.

Why do bodies not decompose in peat bogs?

As new peat replaces the old peat, the older material underneath rots and releases humic acid, also known as bog acid. The bog acids, with pH levels similar to vinegar, conserve the human bodies in the same way as fruit is preserved by pickling.