The toxin is produced by seven different genera of cyanobacteria and has been reported in North America, South America, Central America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. Symptoms of anatoxin exposure include loss of coordination, muscular fasciculations, convulsions and death by respiratory paralysis.
Correspondingly, what toxin does blue green algae produce?
What is microcystin toxin?
Synonyms: Microcystin-LR. Contaminant Type: Chemical. Microcystins are toxins produced by cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are also known as blue-green algae and are ubiquitous in surface water when conditions are favorable for growth and formation of algal blooms. Cyanobacteria release toxins upon cell death or lysis.
How does saxitoxin affect the nervous system?
Saxitoxin binds to voltage-gated sodium channels on nerve fibers and muscle cells. The binding of the toxin blocks conduction of the nerve impulse. General symptoms of saxitoxin poisoning are neurologic and respiratory paralysis.
What are the symptoms of cyanobacteria?
Symptoms from drinking water with cyanobacterial toxins include: headaches, nausea, fever, sore throat, dizziness, stomach cramps, diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, muscle aches, mouth ulcers and blistering of the lips.