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What was the purpose of the Battle of Hong Kong?

By: Nick SillitoUpdated: April 18, 2021

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THE BATTLE OF HONG KONG
To help defend the Crown Colony, Canada sent a force of 1,975, consisting of two battalions – the Winnipeg Grenadiers and the Royal Rifles of Canada; a brigade headquarters group; and various specialists details.

In respect to this, what happened in the Battle of Hong Kong?

From 8 to 25 December 1941, almost 2,000 troops from Winnipeg and Quebec City — sent to Hong Kong expecting little more than guard duty — fought bravely against the overwhelming power of an invading Japanese force. When the British colony surrendered on Christmas Day, 290 Canadians had been killed in the fighting.

Where was the Battle of Hong Kong?

Hong Kong
Tsim Sha Tsui

When was the Battle of Hong Kong?

December 8, 1941 – December 25, 1941

Why did Hong Kong fall so easily to the Japanese?

Hong Kong boasted coastal defense batteries which could have defeated a naval invasion. Unfortunately, the invasion came by land. British guns intended to sink ships proved little use when against ground troops.

Related

Why did Canada enter ww1?

The Canadian Parliament didn't choose to go to war in 1914. So when Britain's ultimatum to Germany to withdraw its army from Belgium expired on 4 August 1914, the British Empire, including Canada, was at war, allied with Serbia, Russia, and France against the German and Austro-Hungarian empires.

Did Canada fight the Japanese?

Canada's first major engagement in the Second World War wasn't against the Germans but the Japanese. In the ensuing battle, 1975 Canadian soldiers alongside other British imperial troops fought bravely against a superior Japanese force until they were overrun and taken prisoner.

Why did Japan want Hong Kong?

Hong Kong in November 1941. Japan had been waging war in China since 1937, but it had avoided open hostilities against the West. Even so, Britain decided that a show of force might deter any possible Japanese aggression, and it sought troops to reinforce the British and Indian units already garrisoned in Hong Kong.

How many Canadians died in Hong Kong?

Approximately 290 Canadian soldiers were killed in battle and, while in captivity, approximately 264 more died as POWs , for a total death toll of 554. In addition, almost 500 Canadians were wounded. Of the 1,975 Canadians who went to Hong Kong, more than 1,050 were either killed or wounded.

What happened to the Japanese Empire?

However, after many Allied victories and following the Soviet Union's declaration of war against Japan on August 9, 1945, and subsequent invasion of Manchuria and other territories, and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Empire surrendered to the Allies on August 15, 1945.

How did Japan attack Hong Kong?

Six hours after the bombing at Pearl Harbor, the Japanese 38th Division — made up of well-trained, battle-hardened troops — attacked Hong Kong. The invaders bombed the colony's airfield and other military installations and quickly overran the troops defending the mainland portion of the territory.

How did Pearl Harbour affect Canada?

Occurred on the morning of December 7, 1941 and led to United States' entry into World War II, and Canadas declaration of war against Japan. This caused Canada' to be worried about an attack from the Japanese. Also caused Canada to send over troops to fight in Hong Kong China.

What happened at Pearl Harbor?

On the morning of 7 December 1941, at 7.55am local time, 183 aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked the United States Naval base at Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. Within two hours, 18 US warships had been sunk or damaged, 188 aircraft destroyed and 2,403 American servicemen and women killed.

Why did Japan attack Hong Kong in 1941?

Hong Kong in November 1941. Japan had been waging war in China since 1937, but it had avoided open hostilities against the West. They realized that defending Hong Kong would be virtually impossible if the colony, and other Asian possessions, were attacked by Japan.

Why did Britain surrender Hong Kong?

What led to the handover? Britain first took over Hong Kong island in 1842, after defeating China in the First Opium War. In 1898, to enforce its control of the area, the UK leased additional land, known as the New Territories, promising to return them to China in 99 years.

How long did Japan Occupy Hong Kong?

Three years and eight months

Why did the Allies attack Dieppe?

Mountbatten proposed a raid on the town of Dieppe — to probe German defences on the coast of France, and to test the Allies' ability to mount an amphibious assault, using combined forces, against Adolf Hitler's "Fortress Europe." The plan was to take Dieppe, hold a perimeter around the town, destroy the harbour