Consequently, where are indoles found?
Indole-3-carbinol is formed from a substance called glucobrassicin found in vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collards, cauliflower, kale, mustard greens, turnips, and rutabagas. Indole-3-carbinol is formed when these vegetables are cut, chewed or cooked. It can also be produced in the laboratory.
Also to know, is indole a base?
It can be produced by bacteria as a degradation product of the amino acid tryptophan. The participation of the nitrogen lone electron pair in the aromatic ring means that indole is not a base, and it does not behave like a simple amine.
Is indole toxic?
High concentrations of indole are known to be toxic to cells due to perturbations in membrane potential. Taken together, our data provide new evidence that indole causes toxicity to P. putida by inhibiting cellular energy production and protein folding.
What does indole positive mean?
The indole test is a biochemical test performed on bacterial species to determine the ability of the organism to convert tryptophan into indole. This division is performed by a chain of a number of different intracellular enzymes, a system generally referred to as "tryptophanase."