Science

What is the structure of indole?

By: Yasin YaqoobiUpdated: February 21, 2021

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C8H7N

Consequently, where are indoles found?

Indole-3-carbinol is formed from a substance called glucobrassicin found in vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collards, cauliflower, kale, mustard greens, turnips, and rutabagas. Indole-3-carbinol is formed when these vegetables are cut, chewed or cooked. It can also be produced in the laboratory.

Also to know, is indole a base?

It can be produced by bacteria as a degradation product of the amino acid tryptophan. The participation of the nitrogen lone electron pair in the aromatic ring means that indole is not a base, and it does not behave like a simple amine.

Is indole toxic?

High concentrations of indole are known to be toxic to cells due to perturbations in membrane potential. Taken together, our data provide new evidence that indole causes toxicity to P. putida by inhibiting cellular energy production and protein folding.

What does indole positive mean?

The indole test is a biochemical test performed on bacterial species to determine the ability of the organism to convert tryptophan into indole. This division is performed by a chain of a number of different intracellular enzymes, a system generally referred to as "tryptophanase."

Related

What are indole levels?

indole (IN-dole) A type of chemical found in plants and in certain vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower. Indoles may promote good health and are being studied in the prevention of certain types of cancer, including breast cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer. An indole is a type of phytochemical.

What is indole used for?

Indole-3-carbinol is a substance found in vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collards, cauliflower, kale, mustard greens, turnips, and rutabagas. It can also be produced in the laboratory. Indole-3-carbinol is used for prevention of breast cancer, colon cancer, and other types of cancer.

What is indole ring?

Indole is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound. It has a bicyclic structure, consisting of a six-membered benzene ring fused to a five-membered nitrogen-containing pyrrole ring. It can be produced by bacteria as a degradation product of the amino acid tryptophan.

Why do some bacteria produce indole?

Bacteria can utilize signal molecules to coordinate their behavior to survive in dynamic multispecies communities. Indole is widespread in the natural environment, as a variety of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria (to date, 85 species) produce large quantities of indole.

What is c9h9n?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The molecular formula C9H9N (molar mass: 131.17 g/mol) may refer to: 1-Methylindole. 2-Methylindole. 5-Methylindole.

Is dopamine a tryptamine?

Tryptamine is an agonist of hTAAR1. It acts as a non-selective serotonin receptor agonist and serotonin-norepinephrine-dopamine releasing agent (SNDRA), with a preference for evoking serotonin and dopamine release over norepinephrine release.

What foods are high in indoles?

Indole-3-carbinol is a substance found in vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collards, cauliflower, kale, mustard greens, turnips, and rutabagas. It can also be produced in the laboratory.

What type of amine is indole?

Indole is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound. It has a bicyclic structure, consisting of a six-membered benzene ring fused to a five-membered nitrogen-containing pyrrole ring. It can be produced by bacteria as a degradation product of the amino acid tryptophan.

What is imidazole group?

Imidazole is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound. It is further classified as an alkaloid. Imidazole refers to the parent compound C3H4N2, while imidazoles are a class of heterocycles with similar ring structure but varying substituents. Imidazole can act as a base and as a weak acid.

What is a pyrrole ring?

Pyrrole is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, a five-membered ring with the formula C4H4NH. It is a colorless volatile liquid that darkens readily upon exposure to air.

Is pyrrolidine a base?

Pyrrolidine is a base. Its basicity is typical of other dialkyl amines. Relative to many secondary amines, pyrrolidine is distinctive because of its compactness, a consequence of its cyclic structure.

What is quinoline found in?

Like other nitrogen heterocyclic compounds, such as pyridine derivatives, quinoline is often reported as an environmental contaminant associated with facilities processing oil shale or coal, and has also been found at legacy wood treatment sites.

What is the electronic relationship of indole to naphthalene?

The electronic relationship of indole with that of naphthalene is to be stated. Concept introduction: The orbital picture of a compound shows the σ bonds in a molecule along with the unhybridized p orbitals on each atom in the ring containing the electrons involved in delocalization.

Why is thiazole aromatic?

Thiazoles are structurally similar to imidazoles, with the thiazole sulfur replaced by nitrogen. Thiazole rings are planar and aromatic. This aromaticity is evidenced by the chemical shift of the ring protons in proton NMR spectroscopy (between 7.27 and 8.77 ppm), clearly indicating a strong diamagnetic ring current.

Why is indole less reactive than pyrrole?

Hence a compound with higher electron density will be more susceptible to attack by electrophiles. The electron density in the aromatic ring of furan is lesser than that of pyrrole. This is because of the electronegativity of the heteroatom (N and O). Hence, I believe furan is less reactive than pyrrole.

What does a negative indole test mean?

It is used to determine the presence of the enzyme tryptophanase. Tryptophanase breaks down tryptophan to release indole, which when reacts with cinnamaldehyde produces a blue-green compound. The absence of enzyme results in no color production (i.e. indole negative).