Thermocyclers, or thermal cyclers, are instruments used to amplify DNA and RNA samples by the polymerase chain reaction. The thermocycler raises and lowers the temperature of the samples in a holding block in discrete, pre-programmed steps, allowing for denaturation and reannealing of samples with various reagents.
So, how much does a PCR machine cost?
A simple PCR machine like Bio-Rad T100 thermal cycler has a list price of 4912 USD (with a promotional price of 2595 USD in the US) as of Jan 30, 2019. The cost of rtPCR systems ranges anywhere from 15,000$ for some RotorGene models to over 90,000$ for QuantStudio 12k.
Additionally, what is a PCR system?
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a method widely used to rapidly make millions to billions of copies of a specific DNA sample, allowing scientists to take a very small sample of DNA and amplify it to a large enough amount to study in detail.
What is thermal cycling in PCR?
The method relies on thermal cycling, consisting of cycles of repeated heating and cooling of the reaction for DNA melting and enzymatic replication of the DNA. PCR requires a high number of thermal cycle steps to create thousands of strands of DNA sequencing for analysis.
Why is PCR important?
DNA copies produced through PCR amplification can be used in a large number of medical and forensic applications. It can likewise be used in the identification and detection of infectious diseases and for a wide variety of research purposes in the field of molecular genetics. Genetic testing.