Science

# What is the other name of longitude?

By: Brit CornwellUpdated: January 20, 2021

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Longitude. Longitude lines run north-south and mark the position east-west of a point. Lines of longitude are known as meridians. These lines run from pole to pole, crossing the equator at right angles.

Also, what are lines of latitude called?

Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured with 180 imaginary lines that form circles around the Earth east-west, parallel to the Equator. These lines are known as parallels. A circle of latitude is an imaginary ring linking all points sharing a parallel.

What is another name for 0 longitude?

prime meridian

What are the 2 main lines of longitude?

While the equator divides Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres, it is the Prime Meridian at zero degrees longitude and the line of longitude opposite the Prime Meridian (near the International Date Line ) at 180 degrees longitude that divides Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.

Which is the longest longitude?

Latitudes, however, are different lengths, with zero degrees latitude (the equator) being the longest and 90 degrees (either north or south poles) being a single point.

## Related

180 degrees

### Why are there 360 longitudes and 180 latitudes?

Longitude lines pass through the north and south poles. If you stood above the earth and looked down on the north pole from above, you would see the complete circle of the equator. So longitude goes from zero to 360 degrees. Latitude lines are parallel to the equator which has latitude = zero degrees.

### What are the 5 major lines of longitude?

The Equator, Tropics, and Prime Meridian
Four of the most significant imaginary lines running across the surface of Earth are the equator, the Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn, and the prime meridian.

### Where is 180 degrees longitude?

The 180th meridian or antimeridian is the meridian 180° both east and west of the Prime Meridian, with which it forms a great circle dividing the earth into the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. It is common to both east longitude and west longitude.

### How do you calculate longitude?

Finding Longitude
Because one day is 24 hours long one can easily use time to calculate longitude. One hour of time difference corresponds to 15° of longitude (360°/24 hours = 15°/hour). Suppose an observer sets his accurate watch to 12:00 at noon in Greenwich, England and then travels a great distance.

### What is an example of longitude?

Longitude is the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England. For example, New York and Miami have almost exactly the same longitudes: around 80 degrees west. Berlin on the other hand has a longitude of 13 degrees east. Beijing, China, has a longitude of 116 degrees east.

### Why longitudes are called meridians?

Longitudes are known as meridians because in Geographical sense, meridians are great circles which are not parallel to each other but intersect each other at the North and the South Poles. Same stands true of the longitudes. All longitudes are great circles which meet at the Poles.

four hemispheres

### What are the 5 latitude lines?

The five major parallels of latitudes from north to south are called: Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, and the Antarctic Circle. On a maps where the orientation of the map is either due north or due south, latitude appears as horizontal lines.

### What are the 7 major lines of latitude?

Terms in this set (7)
• North Pole. 90 degrees north.
• Arctic Circle. 66.5 degrees north.
• Tropic of Cancer. 23.5 degrees north.
• Equator. 0 degrees.
• Tropic of Capricorn. 23.5 degrees south.
• antarctic circle. 66.5 degrees south.
• south pole. 90 degrees south.

### What is a simple definition of latitude?

The definition of latitude is the measurement of a part of the Earth in relation to the north or south of the Earth's equator or the amount of freedom someone is given to deviate from a normal thought pattern or behavior. An example of latitude is a measurement of distance from the equator.

### What is the most important line of longitude?

the Prime Meridian

### What are 0 0 coordinates?

Null Island is a name for the point on the Earth's surface where the prime meridian and the equator cross, located in international waters in the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) off the west African coast. In the WGS84 datum, this is at zero degrees latitude and longitude (0°N 0°E), and is the location of a buoy.