Food & Drink

What is the common name of elaeis Guineensis?

By: Rebecca ElizUpdated: December 26, 2020

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Data Source and Documentation
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Order Arecales
Family ArecaceaePalmaePalm family
Genus Elaeis Jacq. – oil palm
Species Elaeis guineensis Jacq. – African oil palm

Also asked, why is palm oil bad?

Palm oil, palm kernel oil, and coconut oil — the so-called tropical oils — got a bad reputation because they're high in saturated fat, which has long been linked to heart disease. Saturated fat boosts "bad" LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, both of which are risk factors for heart disease.

What are the uses of oil palm?

Palm oil in many countries is used as a simple frying oil, but many other markets make use of both palm and palm kernel oil:
  • Consumer retail food and snack manufacturers.
  • Personal care and cosmetics (mainly palm kernel oil)
  • Biofuel and energy.
  • Animal feed (palm kernel expeller)
  • Pharmaceutical.
  • Industrial.

What is botanical name of oil palm?

Elaeis guineensis

Why is palm oil so popular?

It is the highest-yielding vegetable oil crop, which makes it very efficient, and very popular. It needs less than half the land required by other crops (such as sunflower, soybean or rapeseed) to produce the same amount of oil. This makes palm oil the least expensive vegetable oil in the world.

Related

How many times does a palm tree produce in a year?

If the growing point dies, the tree dies as well.
The growing point of the adult oil palm produces 20 to 25 leaves every year. It is most important that the growing point should produce many leaves, because there will be a flower at the base of each leaf. If there are many leaves, there will be many flowers.

Can you eat palm oil fruit?

If you want to be absolutely accurate, almost all palm fruits are edible, though I would not really recommend eating most of them. The actual fruit parts of these palms is just the fibrous, mostly inedible seed coating surrounding the nut or seed.

What are the two varieties of oil palm?

There are three naturally occurring forms of the oil palm fruit, termed dura, tenera, and pisifera. Most cultivars are the tenera form which produces fruit with higher oil content.

What has palm oil in it list?

But Palm Oil is also found in beauty products such as lipsticks, shampoo and soap. It's found in several brands of packaged bread, because it allows loaves to remain soft on supermarket shelves for longer. It's found in instant noodles, packaged ice cream, chocolate, detergents, industrial pizza dough and margarine…

Does Africa have palm trees?

Oil palm, (Elaeis guineensis), African tree in the palm family (Arecaceae), cultivated as a source of oil. The oil palm is grown extensively in its native West and Central Africa, as well as in Malaysia and Indonesia.

What is a palm leaf?

The foliage of a palm tree is called a frond. Most palms grow fronds from the crown (or top) of the plant. The fronds are one major identifying device, second only to the type of trunk the plant grows. Palm leaves come in four main types; pinnate, palmate, bipinnate and entire.

Is oil palm a tree?

Oil palm, (Elaeis guineensis), African tree in the palm family (Arecaceae), cultivated as a source of oil. The oil palm is grown extensively in its native West and Central Africa, as well as in Malaysia and Indonesia.

What is the origin of palm oil?

History and Origin. The oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) originated from West Africa, where evidence of its use as a staple food crop dates as far back as 5,000 years. There is even evidence in Egyptian tombs of people being buried with casks of palm oil, reflecting the high societal value attributed to the product.

What is a palm fruit?

African Palm fruit, from the African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) are small, ovoid-oblong fruits that grow in clusters of several hundred, close to the trunk on short heavy stalks. The fruit is fibrous and oily and surrounds a white kernel, also rich in oils.

Is Palm kernel oil edible?

Palm kernel oil is an edible plant oil derived from the kernel of the oil palm Elaeis guineensis. It should not be confused with the other two edible oils derived from palm fruits: palm oil, extracted from the pulp of the oil palm fruit, and coconut oil, extracted from the kernel of the coconut.

Where are palm oil grown?

Large-scale forest conversion
Many vast monocrop oil palm plantations have displaced tropical forests across Asia, Latin America and West Africa. Around 90% of the world's oil palm trees are grown on a few islands in Malaysia and Indonesia – islands with the most biodiverse tropical forests found on Earth.

How do you harvest palm oil?

Palm oil fresh fruit bunches (FFB)
The mill process extracts the palm oil from the flesh of each individual piece of fruit contained on the bunch. The palm kernel, the nut found in the centro of each piece of fruit, is extracted and sent to a palm kernel crushing mill. The oil is extracted from the kernel.

Why is palm oil banned in Europe?

In January, the European Parliament (EP) voted to ban the use of palm oil for the production of biofuels in the European Union (EU) by 2020, with the proclaimed aim to stop the deforestation of rainforests in mainly Indonesia and Malaysia. First of all, the exports of palm oil will go down somewhat and so will prices.

Which is better coconut oil or palm oil?

Like virgin coconut oil, red palm oil has undergone minimal processing and is considered to be of superior quality to ordinary palm oil. Unlike coconut oil, palm oil does not have a sharp melting point. Coconut oil melts at temperatures above 76 degrees F (24 C). Palm oil has a much more gradual melting point.

Is palm oil better than olive oil?

Palm oil contains more saturated fat than olive oil (and about the same amount as butter), but less than other tropical oils such as coconut oil. Palm oil contains monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are known to be beneficial to health.