The specific action of an enzyme with a single substrate can be explained using a Lock and Key analogy first postulated in 1894 by Emil Fischer. In this analogy, the lock is the enzyme and the key is the substrate. Only the correctly sized key (substrate) fits into the key hole (active site) of the lock (enzyme).
Consequently, why is it called the lock and key model?
Enzymes only allow binding of molecules that can fit in their active site. As, these active sites (can be called locks) are very specific and only few molecules (can be called keys) can bind them, this model of enzyme working is called Lock and Key mechanism.
What is lock and key hypothesis in biology?
The lock and key hypothesis states that the substrate fits perfectly into the enzyme, like a lock and a key would. This is in contrast with the induced fit hypothesis, which states that both the substrate and the enzyme will deform a little to take on a shape that allows the enzyme to bind the substrate.
Who proposed the lock and key theory?
enzymes. …and enzyme, called the “key–lock” hypothesis, was proposed by German chemist Emil Fischer in 1899 and explains one of the most important features of enzymes, their specificity. In most of the enzymes studied thus far, a cleft, or indentation, into which the substrate fits is found at the active…
What is the difference between induced fit and lock and key?
Differences. Lock and Key states that there is no change needed and that only a certain type will fit. However induced fit says the active site will change to help to substrate fit. In lock and key the active site has one single entry however in induced fit the active site is made of two components.