Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic. It's mainly used to treat eye infections (such as conjunctivitis) and sometimes ear infections. Chloramphenicol comes as eye drops or eye ointment.
Then, how does the antibiotic chloramphenicol work?
Chloramphenicol is a bacteriostatic by inhibiting protein synthesis. It prevents protein chain elongation by inhibiting the peptidyl transferase activity of the bacterial ribosome. It specifically binds to A2451 and A2452 residues in the 23S rRNA of the 50S ribosomal subunit, preventing peptide bond formation.
One may also ask, what are the side effects of chloramphenicol?
Common side effects of chloramphenicol include:
- not enough red blood cells produced (aplastic anemia)
- bone marrow suppression.
- inflammation of the small intestine and the colon (enterocolitis)
- accumulation of chloramphenicol especially in newborns (gray syndrome)
What type of drug is chloramphenicol?
Chloramphenicol injection is used to treat certain types of serious infections caused by bacteria when other antibiotics cannot be used. Chloramphenicol injection is in a class of medications called antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria..
Is chloramphenicol a strong antibiotic?
Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic. It's mainly used to treat eye infections (such as conjunctivitis) and sometimes ear infections. Chloramphenicol comes as eye drops or eye ointment. This treatment is for serious infections and is nearly always given in hospital.