Law & Government & Politics

What is 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment?

By: Fred HamptonUpdated: April 27, 2021

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73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments were passed by Parliament in December, 1992. Through these amendments local self-governance was introduced in rural and urban India. The Local bodies–'Panchayats' and 'Municipalities' came under Part IX and IXA of the Constitution after 43 years of India becoming a republic.

Also asked, what is the importance of 73rd and 74th amendment?

The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments give recognition and protection to local governments and in addition each state has its own local government legislation. Since 1992, local government in India (bala)takes place in two very distinct forms.

Likewise, what year were the 73rd and 74 amendments passed?

1992

What is the 73rd Amendment?

The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act was passed by the Parliament in April1993. The Amendment provided a Constitutional status to the Panchayati Raj Institutions in India through insertion of Article 243 to Part IX of Indian Constitution.

What are the main provisions of the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act?

The amended State municipal laws provide for detailed provisions for constitution and composition of municipalities, reservation of seats for SC/ST and women, fixed term of 5 years and re-election of municipalities within a period of 6 months in case of dissolution, functions and financial powers of municipalities,

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What is the importance of 74th Constitutional Amendment Act?

The Act seeks to provide a common framework for the structure and mandate of urban local bodies to enable them to function as effective democratic units of local Self Government. ADVERTISEMENTS: Government of India notified 1st June 1993 as the date from which the 74th Amendment Act came into force.

What is the 73rd amendment of Indian Constitution?

Constitution 73rd Amendment and Panchayati Raj in India. The 73rd Amendment 1992 added a new Part IX to the constitution titled “The Panchayats” covering provisions from Article 243 to 243(O); and a new Eleventh Schedule covering 29 subjects within the functions of the Panchayats.

What do you mean by 74th Amendment Act?

Enacted in 1992, the Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, and also known as Nagarpalika Act, the legislation came into force on June 1, 1993 and was aimed at supplementing the inadequate Constitutional provision for Local Self Government.

What was the theme of the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act 1992?

Twenty five years after the passing of the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992, aimed at strengthening democracy at grass root level through local bodies, only 11 states have managed to devolve municipal functions to Urban Local Bodies, a NITI Aayog official said.

What are the features of 73rd amendment?

The basic features of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act are:
  • It provides for a 3-tier Panchayat system, which would be constituted in every state at the village level, intermediate level and district level.
  • There is a provision of reservation of seats for SCs and STs at every level of Panchayat.

Who was the prime minister of India when the historical 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution were passed?

In the year 1991 P.V. Narsimha Rao became Prime Minister of India. In September 1991, 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments were introduced in the parliament by his government. 73rd amendment bill for Rural Local Body (also known as Panchayats) and 74th for municipalities were introduced separately.

What changes came in Panchayati Raj after 73rd Amendment?

Some of the important changes brought about by the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution and the Tamil Nadu Panchayats Act 1994 are listed below: a) Introduction of a three tier system – at the Village, Intermediate (Block) and District levels.