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What does Ritornello mean in music?

By: Hazel ChanUpdated: March 02, 2021


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    October 01, 2022
Ritornello, (Italian: “return”)also spelled ritornelle, or ritornel, plural ritornelli, ritornellos, ritornelles, or ritornels, a recurrent musical section that alternates with different episodes of contrasting material.

Keeping this in consideration, what is a Ritornello form?

Many Baroque concertos are structured in a form known as ritornello form. In this form, a repeated section of music, the ritornello (literally, "the little thing that returns") alternates with freer episodes. The verse and chorus sturcture of modern popular song derives from this form.

Similarly, what is Ritornello quizlet?

The Ritornello means "little return" and it is a recurring passage of music throughout the work. Ritornello form. Ritornello form is unique to the Baroque Period and features the alternation between tutti and solo sections.

Who invented Ritornello?

The ritornello as a recurring tutti passage can be traced back to the music of sixteenth-century Venetian composer Giovanni Gabrieli. According to Richard Taruskin, these repeating passages are "endemic to the concertato style" which Gabrielli is credited with developing.

What does tutti mean in music?

adjective. all; all the voices or instruments together. intended for or performed by all (or most of) the voices or instruments together, as a passage or movement in concert music (opposed to solo).


What is the Ritornello principle?

The "ritornello principle" means that. ritornello and solo sections alternate. A "key area" is a set of harmonies that all have a distinctive relationship to one particular note, known as the. tonic.

What genre uses Ritornello?

The most common use of the ritornello in instrumental music is the concerto, a composition for a solo instrument, such as violin or keyboard, and orchestra. The full orchestra plays the ritornello as an introduction.

What is the difference between rondo form and Ritornello form?

While Rondo form is similar to ritornello form, it is different in that ritornello brings back the subject or main theme in fragments and in different keys, but the rondo brings back its theme complete and in the same key. Unlike sonata form, thematic development does not need to occur except possibly in the coda.

What is an episode in Ritornello form?

Ritornello form - ABACA
The ritornello section - A - would often return in keys related to the tonic, for example, the dominant or the relative minor. If the original section was long, it would often return in a shortened version. The sections between the ritornello sections are called episodes.

Who plays the contrasting sections in a Ritornello?

Fast movements often used a ritornello structure, in which a recurrent section, or ritornello, alternates with episodes, or contrasting sections, played by the soloists. About 1750, having reached its apogee with George Frideric Handel's Opus 6 (1740), the concerto grosso was eclipsed by the solo concerto.

What is the sonata form in music?

Sonata form (also sonata-allegro form or first movement form) is a musical structure consisting of three main sections: an exposition, a development, and a recapitulation. It has been used widely since the middle of the 18th century (the early Classical period).

What is the term for a repeating instrumental passage that returns throughout a Baroque musical work?

Ritornellos. Short, recurring instrumental passage found in both the aria and the Baroque concerto. Heterophonic. Texture in which two or more voices (or parts) elaborate the same melody simultaneously, often the result of improvisation.

What is the Ritornello form of the concerto grosso?

In a concerto grosso, the entire instrumental ensemble alternates with a smaller group of players called the tutti (all). Ritornello Form is a form characterized by an alternation between the tutti and soloists in the orchestra very much like contemporary jazz ensembles.

What is the term for a recurrent musical section between various contrasting sections?

Movements. What is the term for a recurrent musical section between various contrasting sections? A. concerto grosso.

What is the predominant texture of Baroque music?

European and German music
Homophony first appeared as one of the predominant textures in Western classical music during the Baroque period in the early 17th century, when composers began to commonly compose with vertical harmony in mind, the homophonic basso continuo becoming a definitive feature of the style.

How many violin concertos did Vivaldi compose?

Vivaldi wrote more than 500 other concertos. About 350 of these are for solo instrument and strings, of which 230 are for violin, the others being for bassoon, cello, oboe, flute, viola d'amore, recorder, lute, or mandolin.

What are the 3 movements of concerto?

A typical concerto has three movements, traditionally fast, slow and lyrical, and fast.

What is the main characteristic of a concerto?

The concerto was a popular form during the Classical period (roughly 1750-1800). It had three movements – the two fast outer movements and a slow lyrical middle movement. The Classical concerto introduced the cadenza, a brilliant dramatic solo passage where the soloist plays and the orchestra pauses and remains silent.