What are the problems faced by agriculture in India?

By: Michael RodlerUpdated: March 31, 2021


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    June 28, 2022
Indian agriculture is plagued by several problems; some of them are natural and some others are manmade.
  • Small and fragmented land-holdings:
  • Seeds:
  • Manures, Fertilizers and Biocides:
  • Irrigation:
  • Lack of mechanisation:
  • Soil erosion:
  • Agricultural Marketing:
  • Inadequate storage facilities:

Just so, what are the main problem of Indian agriculture?

One of the major causes of low income of the Indian farmers is the difficulty in marketing their crops. Due to the small size and scattered nature of agricultural holdings, the productivity per acre is low. Consequently, the collection of these surpluses for the purpose of marketing presents a serious problem.

What is problem in agriculture?

Another major problem in agriculture is the overall decrease in the varieties of crops and livestock produced. In the early years of agriculture, farmers grew a wide variety of crops and raised many different types of livestock. In the United States and worldwide, the three most produced crops are corn, soy, and wheat.

What are the challenges affecting agricultural extension in Nigeria?

These include inadequacy and instability of funding, poor logistic support for field staff, use of poorly trained personnel at local level, ineffective agricultural research extension linkages, insufficient and inappropriate agricultural technologies for farmers, disproportionate Extension Agent: Farm Family ratio and

What are challenges faced by farmers today?

1) Small and fragmented lands provided to them. 2) Seeds which they get are not of proper quality, which definitely affects the growth. Distribution of seeds is also in poor condition. 3) The average yields of crops are lowest in India due to soil degradation and improper use of manure, fertilizer and herbicides.


What were the social problems faced by farmers?

Indeed, at the close of the century of greatest agricultural expansion, the dilemma of the farmer had become a major problem. Several basic factors were involved-soil exhaustion, the vagaries of nature, overproduction of staple crops, decline in self-sufficiency, and lack of adequate legislative protection and aid.

Why are farmers in India poor?

Due to poor artificial irrigation facilities, as much as 79.5% of India's farmland relies on flooding during monsoon season, so inadequate rainfall can cause droughts, making crop failure more common. In regions that have experienced droughts, crop yields have declined, and food for cattle has become scarcer.

How can we improve agriculture in India?

Here are three ways PPPs could do that:
  1. Investing in smarter value chains. PPPs could help spur the development of the food processing industry, one of the newest sectors in Indian agriculture.
  2. Improving access to credit, technology and markets.
  3. Building farmer resilience to environmental shocks.

How can we help farmers in India?

Listed below are the 10 GiveAssured NGOs that are working to help Indian farmers by providing them with the necessary education and help them to maintain their livelihood.
  1. Haritika.
  2. Manuvikasa.
  3. Rajasthan Bal Kalyan Samiti (RBKS)
  4. Bhagini Nivedita Gramin Vigyan Niketan (BNGVN)
  5. Dreams Alive.
  6. AARDE Foundation.

What is the agriculture of India?

India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples. India is currently the world's second largest producer of several dry fruits, agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses, farmed fish, eggs, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables.

What is the percentage of agriculture in India?

Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the largest source of livelihoods in India. 70 percent of its rural households still depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood, with 82 percent of farmers being small and marginal. In 2017-18, total food grain production was estimated at 275 million tonnes (MT).

What type of agriculture is Practised in India?

The farming systems that significantly contribute to the agriculture of India are subsistence farming, organic farming, industrial farming. Regions throughout India differ in types of farming they use; some are based on horticulture, ley farming, agroforestry, and many more.

How many farmers are there in India?

Up to May 2018, 9.87 million farmers, 109,725 traders were registered on the e-NAM platform. 585 mandis in India have been linked while 415 additional mandis will be linked in 2018-19 and 2019-20. Agriculture storage capacity in India increased at 4 per cent CAGR between 2014-17 to reach 131.8 million metric tonnes.

What is agricultural sector?

The Agriculture sectors comprise establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats.

What are the main features of WTO agreement on agriculture?

The WTO Agreement on Agriculture contains provisions in 3 broad areas of agriculture and trade policy : market access, domestic support and export subsidies. This includes tariffication, tariff reduction and access opportunities.

What happens agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world's food and fabrics.

What is WTO in agriculture?

The WTO Agreement on Agriculture, which came into force in 1995, represents a significant step towards reforming agricultural trade and making it fairer and more competitive. In 2015, they adopted a historic decision to abolish agricultural export subsidies and to set rules for other forms of farm export support.

Does India need to rely less or more on agriculture?

Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the largest source of livelihoods in India. 70 percent of its rural households still depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood, with 82 percent of farmers being small and marginal. Incidence of poverty is now pegged at nearly 30 percent.

What is perennial agriculture?

Perennial agriculture, the cultivation of crop species that live longer than two years without the need for replanting each year.

Why green revolution is under criticism?

Critics charged that the Green Revolution resulted in environmental degradation and increased income inequality, inequitable asset distribution, and worsened absolute poverty. Some of these criticisms are valid and have been or still need to be addressed.

What do you mean by green revolution?

The Green Revolution in India refers to a period when Indian agriculture was converted into an industrial system due to the adoption of modern methods and technology such as the use of high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, irrigation facilities, pesticides, and fertilizers.