The most commonly used biopesticides are living organisms, which are pathogenic for the pest of interest. These include biofungicides (Trichoderma), bioherbicides (Phytopthora) and bioinsecticides (Bacillus thuringiensis). There are few plant products also which can now be used as a major biopesticide source.
Similarly one may ask, what are Biopesticides used for?
Biopesticides are mass-produced, biologically based agents used for the control of plant pests. They can be living organisms (nematodes or micro-organisms) or naturally occurring substances, such as plant extracts or insect pheromones.
Subsequently, question is, what are the major types of biopesticides?
There are three major classes that biopesticides fall into:
- Microbial pesticides: These biopesticides are produced by microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and certain fungi.
- Biochemical/herbal pesticides: These are substances naturally occurring in the environment that control pests.
Why biopesticides are better than chemical pesticides?
Biopesticides are crop protection products derived from natural sources that are used to control pests, pathogens and weeds by a variety of means. bio pesticides don't harm plants and not soil whereas chemically manufactured pesticides harm both soil and plants too.
Is Neem a biopesticide?
The use of neem extracts as biopesticide. The compounds derived from the neem tree are a type of bioinsecticide that can be used as an alternative to synthetic insecticides. The products derived from neem are very useful as biopesticides against agricultural pests in IPM programmes.