The pituitary gland and hypothalamus both control the thyroid. When thyroid hormone levels drop too low, the hypothalamus secretes TSH Releasing Hormone (TRH), which alerts the pituitary to produce thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). The thyroid responds to this chain of events by producing more hormones.
Furthermore, does the hypothalamus control the thyroid gland?
The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland, which are located in the brain, help control the thyroid gland. The hypothalamus releases thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), which stimulates the pituitary gland to release thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
What are the symptoms of a malfunctioning hypothalamus?
Some symptoms that could signal a hypothalamus problem include:
- unusually high or low blood pressure.
- body temperature fluctuations.
- unexplained weight gain or loss.
- changes in appetite.
- short stature.
- delayed onset of puberty.
Does the hypothalamus release TSH?
The hypothalamus secretes the thyroid releasing hormone (TRH), which stimulates thyrotrophs in the anterior pituitary to secrete TSH. TSH is released by the anterior pituitary and stimulates the thyroid follicular cells to release thyroxine, or T4 (80%) and triiodothyronine, or T3 (20%).
What diseases are associated with the hypothalamus?
Additional causes of hypothalamic disease can include:
- eating disorders, such as bulimia or anorexia.
- genetic disorders that cause excess iron buildup in the body.
- excessive bleeding.