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How does money conceal the social character of private labor?

By: Curtis PowellUpdated: December 18, 2020


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precisely this finished form of the world of commodities—the money form—which conceals the social character of private labour and the social relations between the individual workers, by making those relations appear as relations between material objects, instead of revealing them plainly" (168-69).

Accordingly, what is a commodity Karl Marx?

In Marx's theory, a commodity is something that is bought and sold, or exchanged in a market. It has value, which represents a quantity of human labor. Because it has value, implies that people try to economise its use. A commodity also has a use value and an exchange value.

Also to know, what is a commodity in sociology?

Definition of Commodity
(noun) Anything that people find, grow, or make that is then bought, sold, or traded and then typically made into a good to satisfy wants or needs.

Why is a commodity a mysterious thing?

A commodity is therefore a mysterious thing, simply because in it the social character of men's labour appears to them as an objective character stamped upon the product of that labour; because the relation of the producers to the sum total of their own labour is presented to them as a social relation, existing not

What is use value Marx?

Use value (German: Gebrauchswert) or value in use is a concept in classical political economy and Marxian economics. It refers to the tangible features of a commodity (a tradeable object) which can satisfy some human requirement, want or need, or which serves a useful purpose.


What is the difference between use value and exchange value?

Whereas both in simple and in money-mediated commodity exchange (C-C, C-M-C), use value is the beginning and end of the process (producing use value for others in order to obtain use values to satisfy one's own needs), in commercial and capitalist transactions (M-C-M), exchange value is the driving force.

What is the surplus value according to Marx?

According to Marx's theory, surplus value is equal to the new value created by workers in excess of their own labor-cost, which is appropriated by the capitalist as profit when products are sold.

What does Marx mean by forces of production?

Forces of Production. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Forces of production is a term used in political economy that refers to the physical means and techniques of production to which laborers add value and transform capital into products for sale.

What is the substance of the value of a commodity according to Marx?

The quantity of value of a commodity varies directly as the quantum, and inversely as the productive power of the labour embodying itself in the commodity. Now we know the substance of value. It is labour.

What is exchange value in economics?

In political economy and especially Marxian economics, exchange value (German: Tauschwert) refers to one of four major attributes of a commodity, i.e., an item or service produced for, and sold on the market. a price (it could be an actual selling price or an imputed ideal price).

What does Marx mean when he refers to labor power as the amount of labor socially necessary to produce a commodity?

"Socially necessary" labor refers to the quantity required to produce a commodity "in a given state of society, under certain social average conditions or production, with a given social average intensity, and average skill of the labor employed."

What is historical materialism according to Karl Marx?

Historical materialism, also known as the materialist conception of history, is a methodology used by some communist and Marxist historiographers that focuses on human societies and their development through history, arguing that history is the result of material conditions rather than ideals.

Is labor a commodity under capitalism?

As commodity
Under capitalism, according to Marx, labour-power becomes a commodity – it is sold and bought on the market. The capitalist can then sell these and obtain surplus value; since the wages paid to the workers are lower than the value of the goods or services they produce for the capitalist.

What are examples of commodity?

Commodities are natural resources and foods that come from the earth. Some examples of these goods are wheat, cattle, soybeans, corn, oranges, various metals, coal, cotton, and oil.

What determines the value of a commodity?

An important feature of a commodity is that its price is determined as a function of its market as a whole – by the interaction of market demand and market supply. Commodities are widely traded on specialist commodity markets. That is how price is determined – by the interaction of demand and supply.

Is money a commodity?

Money is a type of asset in an economy that is used to buy goods and services from other people. A commodity is a physical item that is readily interchangeable with another item of the same type. Commodity money is a commodity that has intrinsic value.

Is labor a commodity Marx?

Under capitalism, according to Marx, labour-power becomes a commodity – it is sold and bought on the market. The capitalist can then sell these and obtain surplus value; since the wages paid to the workers are lower than the value of the goods or services they produce for the capitalist.

Is money a commodity Marx?

Marx defines the commodity in a unique way. His theory of the money commodity is a unique commodity theory of money. It developed from a political critique of the utopian socialists' concepts of money, labour time and exchange value.

Is capital a commodity?

Unless you are a Shark bragging about your connections, capital is a commodity. Whether they raise this capital using income tax or property tax or any other tax, the end result is the same. You give the money and they get the money. Again a commodity.

Is land a commodity?

The idea is actually rather simple: Land is not a commodity! Human beings did not grow the land or create the land. It is a gift given by the universe to all of us. When we buy and sell land we are really buying and selling certain rights of use to the land, rather than the land itself.