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How does cocoa contribute to deforestation in West Africa?

By: Amir R-ianUpdated: April 01, 2021

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Your Cocoa, Kissed By Deforestation. The destruction of forests for cocoa in Ivory Coast and Ghana has been well-documented, including in Mighty Earth's recent report, “Chocolate's Dark Secret.” Now, new research shows that cocoa is driving ongoing deforestation in other regions of the world, from Asia to the Amazon.

Furthermore, is cocoa bad for the environment?

Cocoa farming also contributes to rainforest and old growth forest deforestation. By clearing land in these forests, farmers decrease the biodiversity and interactions between the many different organisms that naturally live in the area.

Secondly, what does the cocoa Life symbol mean?

Brands. Mondelēz International is making the commitment to responsible cocoa even more clear through its chocolate brands. Choosing the Cocoa Life logo means everyone can love our chocolate as much as we do, because it's made the right way.

Why is deforestation bad for the environment?

The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.

What is the cocoa industry?

Cocoa is the essential ingredient for our chocolate. It originates from the seeds (cocoa beans) of the cocoa fruits (cocoa pods), which grow on cocoa trees. Cocoa production provides livelihoods for between 40 and 50 million farmers, rural workers and their families in the Global South.

Related

How much cocoa does Africa produce?

West Africa collectively supplies two thirds of the world's cocoa crop, with Ivory Coast leading production at 1.8 million tonnes as of 2017, and nearby Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon and Togo producing additional 1.55 million tonnes.

Where does Mars get their chocolate?

Mars is a variety of chocolate bar produced by Mars, Incorporated. It was first manufactured in 1932 in Slough, England by Forrest Mars, Sr. The bar was sold in two different formulations.

Mars (chocolate bar)
Place of origin Slough, Berkshire, England
Main ingredients Chocolate, caramel, nougat
Food energy (per 51g serving) 228 kcal

Does Africa have rainforests?

AFRICA - Explore the Regions - Rainforest. Home to half of the continent's animal species, Africa's vast rainforests are falling silent. Now, the rainforests of Central Africa's Congo Basin, the second largest in the world after the Amazon, have come under the axe, too.

Where is cocoa grown in Ivory Coast?

The crop is grown in Ivory Coast mostly by smallholder farmers planting on 1-3 hectares.

Farming and Production.
Top Cocoa Beans producers in 2012
(million metric tons)
Ivory Coast 1.650
Indonesia 0.936
Ghana 0.879

What part of West Africa has agricultural activities?

Nigeria stands out as having the highest percentage of cultivated land in West Africa, with 41.5 percent of its land area devoted to agriculture in 2013. In the Guinean and Guineo-Congolian climate zones, which are more humid, the spread of cultivated areas has exerted great pressure on the remaining forests.

Does chocolate grow in Africa?

The invaders are growing cocoa to supply the global chocolate business. The Ivory Coast, a West African country the size of New Mexico, produces more than a third of the world's cocoa. The crop contributes around a tenth of the nation's GDP.

How is cacao processed?

During fermentation the cocoa pulp clinging to the beans matures and turns into a liquid, which drains away and the true chocolate flavour starts to develop. This process takes 6-8 days during which time the beans are mixed twice. In Nigeria, cocoa is fermented in baskets lined and covered with leaves.

What countries make up the Ivory Coast?

Ivory Coast, also The Ivory Coast and formally Côte d'Ivoire, officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a country located on the south coast of West Africa. Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro in the centre of the country, while its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan.

What makes cocoa farming environmentally friendly?

Cocoa production has potential to do no environmental harm if properly managed, but best practices are not widespread, leading to soil erosion and ultimately further deforestation for new plantations. When the soil erodes, the land becomes less fertile for cocoa and yields decrease.

How much does a cocoa farmer get paid?

The average cocoa farm will produce one or two tonnes of cocoa beans a year; one tonne is 16 sacks of cocoa. The average farmer will make between $1,400-$2,000 profit a year, at most about $5 a day, which will need to support 6-10 dependants.

Is cocoa farming sustainable?

Up to 40% of the cocoa crop is lost every year due to incorrect maintenance. Overall, cocoa farmers lack training and guidance on sustainable and diversified agriculture to improve productivity, to increase the quality of their cocoa beans and practice agriculture in ways which are not harmful to the environment.

Why is cocoa production important?

Production of sustainable cocoa significantly impacts the economies of many developing countries and provides livelihood for an estimated 40 to 50 million people globally.

Why are cocoa farmers paid so little?

As a result of low yields due to poor farming practices, aging trees and limited access to inputs such as fertilizer and planting materials. The average cocoa farmer's income is significantly below the World Bank's extreme poverty line of USD 1.

How do you make chocolate more sustainable?

5 Ways to Make Cocoa More Sustainable
  1. Empower the cocoa farmer: The sustainability of cocoa rests with the success of the cocoa farmer.
  2. Strengthen local communities: Productivity falters when social factors are obstacles.
  3. Modernize the process: Climate change is a real threat to cocoa.
  4. Put innovations to work: Disruptive innovations are in the works.

How chocolate changed the world?

Chocolate changed the way that people farmed, processed, manufactured and consumed food and beverages. It transformed the economies of civilizations and cities. It also changed people's tastes and also how they viewed themselves in comparison to the rest of society.