With a gap between the light fixture and the led flush mount ceiling fixture, most styles will shine light upwards as well as down. Most semi-flush ceiling lights provide more ambient light. While semi-flush ceiling fixtures install quickly on existing wiring, the round canopy only covers 4-6″ of the ceiling.
Incandescent: These are the traditional bulbs most of us have used for decades, and they're starting to phase out in favor of more energy-efficient options. They produce a warm, glowing light. Compact florescent bulbs (CFLs): These use 75 percent less energy than an incandescent bulb. They also last longer.
Ideally, you will want the space between each pendant to be the same as the width or diameter of each fixture. For example, if you have 18 inch pendants, the space between each fixture should be 18 inches. This rule of thumb remains true, even if the pendants are hung at staggering heights.
As we've said before — but it bears repeating — you do not need to match metal finishes in your lighting, in your hardware, in your faucets, or curtain rods. We used multiple finishes throughout this home, with gold and black being the most common, but silver also makes an appearance.
To determine the right size ceiling fixture, combine the width and length of your room in feet, then use that total in inches for the diameter of your light. For example a 10-by-12-foot bedroom should have a 22-inch diameter chandelier.
To determine the needed lumens, you will need to multiply your room square footage by your room foot-candle requirement. For example, a 100 square foot living room, which needs 10-20 foot-candles, will need 1,000-2,000 lumens. A 100 square foot dining room, which needs 30-40 foot-candles, will need 3,000-4,000 lumens.
Achieve a cohesive look by selecting lighting finished in the same, or closely related, finishes as the kitchen faucets and appliances. Try mixed-metal light fixtures that add personality and interest to the space, or stick with a limited color palette to keep the area feeling connected.
When pairing kitchen and dining lights, interior designers don't use the exact same lighting fixture in both spaces––this will appear too homogenous. Instead, design professionals do choose different lighting fixtures that complement each other.
Depending on the size of your island, several pendants or small chandeliers above will provide ideal illumination. If your kitchen has additional ceiling lighting elsewhere, the island is a great spot for more targeted task lighting with pendants; darker shades will direct light downward for more focused illumination.
Choose a ceiling fixture that's bright enough for your room by using a lighting standard called lumens. First, determine the square footage of your room (simply multiply length by width). You'll also need to know that: Dining rooms and kitchens need 30-40 lumens per square foot.
For a room with decent natural light, that should be around 60 watts. For a room with few/no windows, balance the 60 watt desk light with ambient overhead lights or bump that number up to 75 watts. - Kitchen Kitchen lights should be bright because you are working with knives and other cooking materials.
You can have proper overhead lighting for your dining area without hard-wiring a thing overhead. All you need is an arc floor lamp; they plug right into a wall outlet but stand tall, with a long, curved neck that will position the bulb and shade directly over your table (how's that for simplified?).